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On foundational aspects of RDF and SPARQL

Abstract : We consider the recommendations of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) about the Resource Description Framework (RDF) and the associated query language SPARQL. We propose a new formal framework based on category theory which provides clear and concise formal definitions of the main basic features of RDF and SPARQL. We propose to define the notions of RDF graphs as well as SPARQL basic graph patterns as objects of some nested categories. This allows one to clarify, in particular, the role of blank nodes. Furthermore, we consider basic SPARQL CONSTRUCT and SELECT queries and formalize their operational semantics following a novel algebraic graph transformation approach called POIM.
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Contributor : Frédéric Prost <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 15, 2019 - 10:10:58 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 20, 2020 - 11:16:02 AM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Thursday, January 16, 2020 - 1:39:43 PM


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  • HAL Id : hal-02316115, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1910.07519



Dominique Duval, Rachid Echahed, Frederic Prost. On foundational aspects of RDF and SPARQL. 2019. ⟨hal-02316115v1⟩



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