Efficient Bypass of Mutations in Dysferlin Deficient Patient Cells by Antisense-Induced Exon Skipping

Abstract : Mutations in DYSF encoding dysferlin cause primary dysferlinopathies, autosomal recessive diseases that mainly present clinically as Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy type 213 and Miyoshi myopathy. More than 350 different sequence variants have been reported in DYSE. Like dystrophin, the size of the dysferlin mRNA is above the limited packaging size of AAV vectors. Alternative strategies to AAV gene transfer in muscle cells must then be addressed for patients. A gene therapy approach for Duchenne muscular dystrophy was recently developed, based on exon-skipping strategy. Numerous sequences are recognized by splicing protein complexes and, when specifically blocked by antisense oligoucleotides (AON), the corresponding exon is skipped. We hypothesized that this approach could be useful for patients affected with dysferlinopathics. To confirm this assumption, exon 32 was selected as a prioritary target for exon skipping strategy. This option was initially driven by the report from Sinnreich and colleagues of a patient with a very mild and late-onset phenotype associated to a natural skipping of exon 32. Three different antisense oligonucleotides were tested in myoblasts generated from control and patient MyoD transduced fibroblasts, either as oligonucleotides or after incorporation into lentiviral vectors. These approaches led to a high efficiency of exon 32 skipping. Therefore, these results seem promising, and could be applied to several other exons in the DYSF gene. Patients carrying mutations in exons whose the in-frame suppression has been proven to have no major consequences on the protein function, might benefit of exon-skipping based gene correction.
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Nicolas Wein, Aurélie Avril, Marc Bartoli, Cyriaque Beley, Soraya Chaouch, et al.. Efficient Bypass of Mutations in Dysferlin Deficient Patient Cells by Antisense-Induced Exon Skipping. Human Mutation, Wiley, 2010, 31 (2), pp.136-142. ⟨10.1002/humu.21160⟩. ⟨hal-01610031⟩

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