Autogenous deformations of cement pastes: Part II. W/C effects, micro-macro correlations, and threshold values

Abstract : A broad experimental study has been performed, from the end of mixing up to 2 years, on a set of plain cement pastes prepared with the same type I ordinary portland cement (OPC) and various water-to-cement ratios (W/C), and cured at various constant temperatures. Several parameters have been measured on the hydrating materials, such as chemical shrinkage, volumetric and one-dimensional autogenous deformations, degree of hydration of the cement, Ca(OH)(2) content and Vicat setting times. Drying shrinkage has also been measured on the mature materials. In this part II of the paper, the effects of W/C within the range 0.25-0.60 have in particular been analysed in relation to the microstructural characteristics of the materials. This micro-macro analysis has highlighted a W/C threshold value (located around 0.40) both at the macro-level (on autogenous, but also on drying deformations and durability-related properties) and at the micro-level (characteristics of the hydration products, MIP porosity and pore size distribution, etc.).In addition, volumetric and one-dimensional autogenous shrinkage deformations have been compared in the case of W/C=0.25 and T=20 degrees C. Finally, a critical twofold (chemical and structural) effect of calcium hydroxide has been found. When significant structural effects, generated by the formation and the growth of large-size Ca(OH)(2) crystals, take place, swelling can become prominent, as observed for one-dimensional autogenous deformations in the case of medium and high W/C, and deviations are recorded on linear relationships.
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Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 2006, 36 (1), pp.123-136. 〈10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.10.020〉
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Véronique Baroghel-Bouny, Pierre Mounanga, Abdelhafid Khelidj, Ahmed Loukili, Noureddine Rafai. Autogenous deformations of cement pastes: Part II. W/C effects, micro-macro correlations, and threshold values. Cement and Concrete Research, Elsevier, 2006, 36 (1), pp.123-136. 〈10.1016/j.cemconres.2004.10.020〉. 〈hal-01005282〉

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