Valorization of coarse rigid polyurethan foam waste in lightweight aggregate concrete

Abstract : This study examines the mechanical properties and the durability parameters of lightweight aggregate concretes (LWAC) incorporating rigid polyurethane (PUR) foam waste as coarse aggregates (8/20 mm). The influence of both the increasing incorporation of FUR foam waste and the presence of superplasticizer on the workability, bulk density, mass loss, drying shrinkage, compressive strength, dynamic modulus of elasticity, total porosity, gas permeability and chloride diffusion coefficient of the different concretes, has been investigated and analyzed. The results showed that the use of FUR foam waste enabled to reduce by 29-36% the dry density of concrete compared to that of the normal weight concrete (made without foam waste). The reduction of density was due to the increase of total porosity in the lightweight concretes, which also induced higher gas permeability and chloride diffusion coefficient. These negative effects on durability of concrete were lowered by improving the characteristics of the cementitious matrix. The mechanical properties of the LWAC ranged between 8 and 16 MPa for the compressive strength and between 10 and 15 GPa for the dynamic modulus of elasticity; the concrete mixture with the higher performances almost satisfied the mechanical and density criteria of structural lightweight concrete. These results consolidate the idea of the use of PUR foam waste for the manufacture of lightweight aggregate concretes.
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Construction and Building Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 24 (6), pp.1069-1077. 〈10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.11.010〉
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Amor Ben Fraj, Mohamed Kismi, Pierre Mounanga. Valorization of coarse rigid polyurethan foam waste in lightweight aggregate concrete. Construction and Building Materials, Elsevier, 2010, 24 (6), pp.1069-1077. 〈10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.11.010〉. 〈hal-01007420〉

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