Homoclinic bifurcation in Morse-Novikov theory a doubling phenomenon

Abstract : We consider a compact manifold of dimension greater than 2 and a differential form of degree one which is closed but non-exact. This form, viewed as a multi-valued function has a gradient vector field with respect to any Riemannian metric. After S. Novikov's work and a complement by J.-C. Sikorav, under some genericity assumptions these data yield a complex, called today the Morse-Novikov complex. Due to the non-exactness of the form, its gradient has a non-trivial dynamics in contrary to gradients of functions. In particular, it is possible that the gradient has a homoclinic orbit. The one-form being fixed, we investigate the codimension-one stratum in the space of gradients which is formed by gradients having one simple homoclinic orbit. Such a stratum S breaks up into a left and a right part separated by a substratum. The algebraic effect on the Morse-Novikov complex of crossing S depends on the part, left or right, which is crossed. The sudden creation of infinitely many new heteroclinic orbits may happen. Moreover, some gradients with a simple homoclinic orbit are approached by gradients with a simple homoclinic orbit of double energy. These two phenomena are linked.
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Contributor : Francois Laudenbach <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 20, 2019 - 4:41:38 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 22, 2019 - 1:30:51 AM


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  • HAL Id : hal-01304121, version 4
  • ARXIV : 1604.01809



François Laudenbach, Carlos Moraga Ferrándiz. Homoclinic bifurcation in Morse-Novikov theory a doubling phenomenon. 2016. ⟨hal-01304121v4⟩



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