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Emotional and phenomenological properties of odor-evoked autobiographical memories in Alzheimer’s disease

Abstract : Autobiographical memory, which contains all personal memories relative to our identity, has been found to be impaired in Alzheimer’ Disease (AD). Recent research has demonstrated that odor may serve as a powerful cue for the recovery of autobiographical memories in AD. Building on this research, we investigated emotional characteristics (arousal and valence) and subjective reliving of odor-evoked autobiographical memories in AD. We also investigated the relationship between these characteristics and depression. To this end, we invited participants with mild AD and controls to retrieve autobiographical memories after odor exposure or without odor. Results showed higher arousal, subjective reliving and more positive memories after odor exposure compared with the odor-free condition, these differences being observed only in AD participants. We also found that emotion (arousal and valence) and subjective reliving triggered by odor were associated with depressive symptoms in AD. These findings demonstrate that odor may be a useful cue to trigger more detailed, vivid and positive events in AD.
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http://hal.univ-nantes.fr/hal-03344637
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 10:46:14 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 16, 2021 - 3:27:30 AM

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Mohamad El Haj, Ophélie Glachet. Emotional and phenomenological properties of odor-evoked autobiographical memories in Alzheimer’s disease. Brain Sciences, MDPI, 2019, 9 (6), pp.135. ⟨10.3390/brainsci9060135⟩. ⟨hal-03344637⟩

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