Phosphate-dependent FGF23 secretion is modulated by PiT2/Slc20a2

Abstract : Objective: The canonical role of the bone-derived fibroblast growth factor 23 (Fgf23) is to regulate the serum inorganic phosphate (Pi) level. As part of a feedback loop, serum Pi levels control Fgf23 secretion through undefined mechanisms. We recently showed in vitro that the two high-affinity Na þ-Pi co-transporters PiT1/Slc20a1 and PiT2/Slc20a2 were required for mediating Pi-dependent signaling. Here, we addressed the contribution of PiT1 and PiT2 to the regulation of Fgf23 secretion. Methods: To this aim, we used PiT2 KO and DMP1Cre; PiT1 lox/lox fed Pi-modified diets, as well as ex vivo isolated long bone shafts. Fgf23 secretion and expression of Pi homeostasis-related genes were assessed. Results: In vivo, PiT2 KO mice responded inappropriately to low-Pi diets, displaying abnormally normal serum levels of intact Fgf23. Despite the high iFgf23 level, serum Pi levels remained unaffected, an effect that may relate to lower aKlotho expression in the kidney. Moreover, consistent with a role of PiT2 as a possible endocrine Pi sensor, the iFGF23/cFGF23 ratios were suppressed in PiT2 KO mice, irrespective of the Pi loads. While deletion of PiT1 in osteocytes using the DMP1-Cre mice was inefficient, adenovirus-mediated deletion of PiT1 in isolated long bone shafts suggested that PiT1 does not contribute to Pi-dependent regulation of Fgf23 secretion. In contrast, using isolated bone shafts from PiT2 KO mice, we showed that PiT2 was necessary for the appropriate Pi-dependent secretion of Fgf23, independently from possible endocrine regulatory loops. Conclusions: Our data provide initial mechanistic insights underlying the Pi-dependent regulation of Fgf23 secretion in identifying PiT2 as a potential player in this process, at least in high Pi conditions. Targeting PiT2, therefore, could improve excess FGF23 in hyperphosphatemic conditions such as chronic kidney disease.
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Soumis le : lundi 9 juillet 2018 - 11:28:12
Dernière modification le : mardi 10 juillet 2018 - 01:20:12

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Nina Bon, Giulia Frangi, Sophie Sourice, Jérôme Guicheux, Sarah Beck-Cormier, et al.. Phosphate-dependent FGF23 secretion is modulated by PiT2/Slc20a2. Molecular metabolism, Elsevier, 2018, 11, pp.197 - 204. 〈10.1016/j.molmet.2018.02.007〉. 〈inserm-01832970〉

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